To prevent broken internal links in case you change the permalink structure in WordPress, a simple internal link shortcode can be used. Normally it’s best to avoid changing the permalink structure, but if you really have to, internal links in posts or pages would point to non-existent pages.
If instead a shortcode is used each time you link to an internal page or post, a future change of permalink structure would mean that you wouldn’t have to manually change the link URL of each internal link.
The number of browsers and devices that are used to surf the Web is much larger than just a few years ago. All these devices have different properties. Large or small screens, high or low resolution, different bandwidth at different locations and so on.
To view a website in the best possible way, no matter the device, a design that automatically adjusts depending on the characteristics of the device that loads it, can be used. This type of Web design (responsive Web design) is usually carried out by making everything fluid/elastic, and with the help of CSS3 media queries.
An in-page link for scrolling the page to the top, is nothing new. Many years ago it was quite popular to put one in footer. Then they disappeared from most sites for a long time, and now (or maybe a year back or so) they’re gaining popularity again. Sometimes you see scroll to top links positioned at fixed locations to the bottom of the viewport as you scroll down a page, and sometimes as conventional links within – or just above – the footer.